History of Zrenjanin economy


Those well familiar with the history of Zrenjanin region state that the beginning of Zrenjanin economy goes back to the period of the Turkish government, when the famous high rank Turkish army officer Mehmed-Pasha Sokolović announced Zrenjanin (Bečkerek at the time) the seat of Turkish administrative district  and ordered the first trade shops to be built.
After the Turks had left  the area started to be inhabited intentionally by other nations of the Central Europe bringing along new technologies. The project of turning of surrounding swamps into arable land by the building of canal system, all in order to increase the agriculture production, meant an upper level of raw material processing and transportation, so that during the industrial revolution, small processing plants were opened first to be soon followed by larger ones such as brewery, flax processing plant etc. 

In 1872 Bečkerek was granted the status of a city. 

At the end of XIX century railroad was introduced into the town which further supports the development of industry so that by the end of the World War I and creating of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenians the city was the third industrial centre of the  new country, following  Maribor and Zagreb.




During the period after the World War II, Zrenjanin was the industrial centre of Banat and one of the leading centres of Vojvodina and Yugoslavia.

In early 90s, Zrenjanin got the reputation of "the biggest food producer", thanks to the large  agricultural industrial concern "Servo Mihalj" employing about 2500 people, but by the end of 90s, due to economic sanctions and international isolation of the country, high inflation rate and  war in surrounding areas, Zrenjanin economy became significantly weakened since the production  covered  the market of 25 million inhabitants and  export.


Today Zrenjanin is considered the most attractive city for investment, and three, out of ten biggest greenfield investments in Serbia in 2008 – found its place in Zrenjanin. The Project  Zrenjanin Open has started to build up Zrenjanin economy, particularly because there are no  more political  obstacles, and the position of the City is very attractive with local population highly qualified in most industrial branches and culturally it reflects  Central Europe image and capacities are pretty modern  and in good shape. Domestic companies are well experienced in working with foreign investors and employers and they are used to work according to West business standards.